The Victorian Fleet

 

The construction of Victorian fortifications for the protection of our U.K. harbours arose from the fear of invasion due to politcal and military developments in France. The first panic came in 1844 due partly to the increase in the French Naval budget. The second was due to the re-election of Louis- Napoleon in 1851-2 and the third came in 1859 due to French political interventionism and military sucess in Italy combined with advances in French naval technology including the launch of the iron-clad Gloire. The United Kingdom's defences were suffering from forty years of neglect when General Sir Fox Gurgoyne brought out a paper entitled ' Observations on the possible Results of a War with France under our present System of Military Preparation'. In it he argued that the French might obtain temporary naval superiority in the Channel long enough to stage an invasion of our shores in great force and concluded that they would succeed, given the current level of defence.

 

This had an impact on Lord Palmerston who brought out his own paper called 'The Defences of the Country' in 1846. The developments of steam-driven ships, armour-plate, rifled artillery and lesson learned from the Crimean War all fueled public debate. In 1855 Burgoyne produced a 'Memorandum on the probable effect of the Rifled Cannon on the Attack and Defence of Fortifications'. The first 'panic' of 1844 led to the fortification of Milford Haven and the improvement of the batteries defending Portsmouth Harbour. The second panic on 1852 led to the fortification of the western approaches to Portsmouth and The Solent. This included the batteries at Browndown and Stokes Bay with the two forts Gomer and Elson that became the Gosport Advanced Line. In 1855 Burgoyne published a 'Memorandum on the General Principles of Standing Defences suggested for Great Britain'. which contained arguments for and against defending Spithead with sea-forts. Jervois, the assistant to Burgoyne was charged with preparing detailed proposals for the defence of Plymouth and Portsmouth in 1857. The following year he published a 'Memorandum relative to the Protection of Dockyards and most important Harbours of England' and another on 'Defence of the Country against Invasion'. In 1859 he published another paper in which he considered the impact of the new Armstrong rifled guns on the defences of Portsmouth. Yet another memorandum along the same lines was produced by Burgoyne and so the Goverment set up a Royal Commission to consider the defences of the United Kingdom, reporting back in 1860. It formed a special committee to consider the defences of Spithead which included eight naval officers, one of whom was Captain Cowper Coles.The Commission concluded that ' We are led to the opinion that neither our fleet, our standing army, nor our volunteer forces, not even the three combined, can be relied on as sufficient against foreign invasion'. The Commision saw fortification as the most economical solution, the 'Protection of the dockyards against attack by sea, is obviously the first point of consideration'. Some opponents thought that the forts would not be able to stop the passage of a hostile fleet and favoured the addition of armour plate to ships to be the solution. Burgoyne however did not agree 'I have no great confidence in iron-plated vessels. I think that improvements in artillery will go faster than improvements in fortifying the sides of ships.'

 

Now began the debate. Which was best for defending the U.K.? Forts or ships? Some extremists of the so called 'Blue Water School' postulated that fortifications were unecessary and the defence of the U.K. should be left entirely to the Navy. Coles realised that the forts were not intended to be a substitution for a strong Navy and were primarily for the protection of dockyards and naval bases to allow the fleet freedom of movement and action. The debate on the value of the sea-forts and the issue of ships versus forts became contentious. Coles of the Blue Water School was an influential voice producing a paper 'Our National Defences' in 1861. He dominated the argument in favour of a strong navy including the use of centre-line iron revolving turrets on warships. He was a very vociferous opponent of the Spithead forts but he held some strong views on the defence of our coasts and his ideas on this were eventually adopted. He accepted that fortifications were necessary and he applied his ideas on turrets and sheilded guns to both ships and forts.

 

The launching of the steam powered iron-clad warship 'Glore' by the French in 1859 was matched by the British iron-hulled 'Warrior' in 1860. Thus began a revolution in ship design and the Royal Navy rapidly became one of the most powerful sea forces in existence.

 

Gloire: Laid down 1858: Launched 1859 Warrior the first British iron-hulled warship: Launched 1860 Black Prince: Warrior Class, Broadside Ironclad Achillies 1863: Boradside Ironclad. A variation of Warrior's design. Unique frigate.

Gloire : French

Laid down 1858

Launched 1859

wikipedia Wikipedia

Warrior 1860

Warrior Class

Broadside ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Black Prince

Warrior Class

Broadside ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Achilles 1863

Broadside Ironclad

Unique design from Warrior

Frigate

wikipedia Wikipedia

Warrior in 2009 at Portsmouth Dockyard Heritage area. Warrior in 2009 at Portsmouth Dockyard Heritage area. Warrior in 2009 at Portsmouth Dockyard Heritage area. Warrior in 2009 at Portsmouth Dockyard Heritage area.

Warrior in 2009

Now preserved in Portsmouth Dockyard Heritage Area

H.M.S. Warrior 1860

H.M.S. Warrior 1860

H.M.S. Warrior 1860

 

In 1861 the broadside ironclad Black Prince followed swiftly by Defence and Resistance were launched. These were followed by Hector, Ocean, Royal Oak and Caledonia 1862, with Valiant, Achilles, and Minotaur in 1863. In 1864 Royal Alfred, Enterprise, Favourite, Zealous and Lord Clyde were launched.

 

Ocean 1862: Prince Consort Class: Caledonia 1862: Prince Consort Class: Broadside Ironclad Royal Oak 1862: Prince Consort Class: Broadside Ironclad  

Ocean 1862

Prince Consort Class

Broadside Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Caledonia 1862

Prince Consort Class

Broadside Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Royal Oak 1862

Prince Consort Class

Broadside Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

 
Valiant 1863: Hector Class Broadside Ironclad Minotaur 1863: Minotaur Class Broadside Ironclad    

Valiant 1863

Hector class

Broadside ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Minotaur 1863

Monotaur Class

Broadside Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

   

 

In 1864 the Royal Sovereign, laid down in 1857, was converted to a turret ship.

In 1865 Pallas, Bellerophon and Agincourt were launched followed by Lord Warden.

In 1867 Penelope was launched. In 1868 the Central Battery Ironclad Repulse was launched, then Hercules and Monarch followed by the Turret ship Cerberus in 1868. (Cerberus still exists: http://www.cerberus.com.au/)

 

 

Pallas 1865: Central Battery Ironclad Lord Warden 1865: Lord Clyde Class Broadside Ironclad Penelope 1867: Central Battery Ironclad Teazer 1868: Beacon Class Composite Gunboat

Pallas 1865

Central Battery Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Lord Warden 1865

Lord Clyde Class

Broadside Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Penelope 1867

Central Battery Ironclad

Hulked 1897

wikipedia Wikipedia

Teazer 1868

Beacon Class

Composite gunboat

 

 

Tourmaline 1875: Emerald Class Masted Cruiser: The frames and keel were made of wrought Iron and the stem and stern posts made of Cast Iron: So bad were the engines that the Chief Engineer of HMS Tourmaline committed suicide. Opal 1875: Composite Corvette and Fantome 1873: Composite Screw Sloop Turquoise 1876: Emerald Class Masted Cruiser: Bacchante 1876:Bacchante Class Ironclad Corvette

Tourmaline 1875

Emerald Class

Masted Cruiser

battleships-cruisers.co.uk

 

Opal 1875

Composite Corvette

and Fantome 1873

Composite Screw Sloop

Turquoise 1876

Emerald Class

Masted Cruiser

battleships-cruisers.co.uk

 

Bacchante 1876

Bacchante Class

Ironclad Corvette

wikipedia Wikipedia

Boadicea 1876:Bacchante Class Ironclad Corvette Champion 1878: Screw corvette Cleopatra 1878: Screw corvette Temeraire 1876: The only British ship to have been equipped with disappearing guns in barbette emplacements

Boadicea 1876

Bacchante Class

Ironclad Corvette

wikipedia Wikipedia

Champion 1878

Screw Corvette

wikipedia Wikipedia

Cleopatra 1878

Screw Corvette

wikipedia Wikipedia

Temeraire 1876

Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

 

 

Turret Ships

 

The turret ship first appeared in conflict when USS Monitor steamed into Battle. It was designed by the Sedish engineer Ericson. Captian Cowper Coles was a keen exponent of the Turret ship and he began designing ships armed with central turrets for the Royal Navy. Coles' Turrets turned on a ring of bearings which he thought superior to the central spindle of Monitor. The first Royal Naval ship to carry her main armament in turrets was H.M.S. Prince Albert, launched in 1864. The turret ship HMS Captain, launched 1869 capsized in a gale 1870. Inflexible was an improvement as it had two turrets either side of the centre line allowing both to fire fore, aft and broadside.

 

Prince Albert 1864: Second Rate Ironclad Coast Defence Turret Ship Royal Sovereign: Laid down 1857: Converted to Turret ship 1864    

Prince Albert 1864

Ironclad

Second rate

Coast Defence
Turret ship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Royal Sovereign

Laid down 1857

Converted to turret ship 1864

wikipedia Wikipedia

   
Devastation 1871; Devastion Class Turret Ship Thunderer 1872: Devastation Class Turret ship; Port Guard Ship at Pembroke; Shown after her 1892 modification to BL guns Dreadnought 1875: Turreted Ironclad Inflexible 1876: Central Citadel Ironclad

Devastation 1871

Devastion Class

Turret Ship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Thunderer 1872

Devastation Class

Turret Ship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Dreadnought 1875

Turreted Ironclad

wikipedia Wikipedia

Inflexible 1876

Central Citadel

Turret Ship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

 

Single Turret Ship

 

The first such vessel was Hotspur (1864) then Rupert (1970), Conqueror (1879) and Hero (1884) The vessels Sanspareil and her sister Victoria were the final expression of the so called single turret ship. The wreck of H.M.S.Victoria has recently been discovered, Tripoli Lebanon 2008.: Youtube video.

 

Victoria 1887: Victoria Class Battleship: Sank in the Mediterranean off Tripoli, 1893, after a collision with HMS Camperdown. The wreck was discovered in 2005.   Sans Pareil 1887: Victoria Class Battleship: Portguard Ship at Sheerness

Victoria 1887

Victoria Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Sans Pareil 1887

Victoria Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

 

Torpedo Boats Destoyers and Depot Ships

 

The Royal Navy's first Torpedo boat, HMS Vesuvius, was launched in 1874 followed by the the series of torpedo boats starting with HMS Lightning in 1876, the first seagoing vessel to be armed with self-propelled Whitehead torpedoes. Torpedo RamsPolyphemus was launched in 1882. Next came the torpedo cruisers of the Scout and Archer class with the emphasis on topedo attack. In the mid-1880s the focus shifted to torpedo-catchers and the first torpedo gun boats such as HMS Rattlesnake in 1886. This was followed by the Sharpshooter, Jason and Dryad classes.

 

Explosive torpedoes became common place in Naval warfare resulting in a need for fast Torpedo Boat Destroyers and Torpedo Depot Ships. In 1892 Fisher was asked to look at the future of fast and powerful vessels capable of catching and destroying torpedo boats.

The two Daring Class Destroyers, Daring and Decoy, were the very first torpedo boat destroyers ordered for the Navy, built by Thornycroft. Another two, Havock and Hornet were built by Yarrow. Two more followed, Ferret and Lynx, all six being designated as the '26-knotters' (1892-1893). In 1894 the '30-kontters' followed, Desperate, Fame, Foam and then Mallard. Added to this were Quail, Sparrowhawk, Thrasher and Virago.

 

The Class C Topedo Boat (designated in 1913) Destroyers were built in the 1890s as individual designs meeting Admiralty specifications. All had three funnels with a turtle-back forecastle. They had a top speed of 30knots.

 

H.M.S.Lighning was the first seagoing vessel to be armed with whitehead self-propelled torpedoes.

Lightning 1876

(later renamed Torpedo Boat No. 1)

wikipedia Wikipedia

A Torpedo Boat passes Spitbank Fort Illustrated London News 1888.

A Torpedo Boat passes Spitbank Fort

1888 (ILN)

Possibly Lightning after her 1879 modification.

Tender to the Vernon Torpedo school at Portsmouth.

 

Daring 1893: Daring Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer: portsmouth Instructional Flotilla Hunter 1895: Handy Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Violet 1897: Violet Class Torpedo Baot Destroyer Violet 1897: Violet Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer

Daring 1893

Daring Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Hunter 1895

Handy Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Violet 1897

Violet Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Ardent 1894

Ardent Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Crane 1896: Star Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Star 1896: Star Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Chamois 1896: Star Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Flying Fish 1897: Star Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer

Crane 1896

Star Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Star 1896

Star Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Chamois 1896

Star Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Flying Fish 1897

Star Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Ranger 1874: Sunfish Class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Halcyon 1894: Dryad Class Torpedo Gunboat: Channel Squadron: ; One of the last class of TGBs. Havock 1893: Havock class Torpedo Boat Destroyer Hornet 1893: Havock class Torpedo Boat Destroyer

Ranger 1894

Sunfish Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Halcyon 1894

Dryad Class

First Class

Torpedo Gunboat

wikipedia Wikipedia

Havock 1893

Havoc Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Hornet1893

Havoc Class

Torpedo Boat Destroyer

wikipedia Wikipedia

Vulcan Torpedo Boat Carrier and  Depot Ship capable of carrying six torpedo boats. She had an armoured deck and could operate as a cruiser. Torpedo Boat No.95 Torpedo Boat No.75: No.75 was  lost in a collision in 1892.  

Vulcan 1889

Torpedo Boat Carrier and Depot Ship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Torpedo Boat No.95

Experimental TB

 

 

Torpedo Boat No.75

Experimental TB

One of sixteen built in 1886

 

 

 

 

 

Rams

With the advent of the steam-propelled ironclad warships came a new weapon of special potentiality, the ram. Due to the vulnerability of the ironclad to damage below the waterline all of the early ironclads from Warrior onwards were fitted with the ram.. After the American Civil War battle of Lissa in which the Italian flag-ship was sunk by one blow from the ram of the Austrian ironclad, both England and France constructed vessels specially for the purpose of ramming. The Rupert and the Hotspur were built with a single turret facing forward to be used in end-on fighting, clearing the way for the attacking ship by firing heavy projectiles before it rammed. The Admiralty were then persuaded to build a special ship without heavy guns, a strange class of Protected Torpedo Boat with shallow draft and low profile designed with the secondary purpose of sinking enemy ships at anchor, the Polyphemus. It was begun in 1878 and completed in 1882 with a powerful ram prow and five torpedo tubes. Its low profile afforded a small mark for enemy fire whilst its turtleback shape gave protection from light gun projectiles. Its top speed of 17 to 18 knots aided its ramming capability.

 

Polyphemus Protected Torpedo Boat/Ram: Equipped with five torpedo tubes, two each port and starboard and one mounted in the centre of her reinforced ram bow.  

Polyphemus 1881

Protected Torpedo Boat

Ram

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

 

 

By the 1880s the term Ironclad was dropped and the new ships were constructed to a standard pattern. They were classed as Protected Cruisers or Battleships.

 

Protected Cruisers

Mercury 1878: Iris Class Protected Cruiser Mersey 1885: Mersey Class Protected Cruiser: Coastguard Ship at Harwich Orlando 1886: Orlando Class Protected Cruiser: Flagship Australian Station  

Mercury 1878

Iris Class

Protected Cruiser and

Despatch Vessel

wikipedia Wikipedia

Mersey 1885

Mersey Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Orlando 1886

Orlando Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

 
Porpoise: Archer Class Protected Cruiser. Galatea 1887: Orlando Class Protected Cruiser: Coastguard Ship at Hull Australia 1888: Orlando Class Protected Cruiser Blake 1889: Blake Class Protected Cruiser: Channel Squadron

Porpoise 1886

Archer Class

Third Class Cruiser

 

Galatea 1887

Orlando Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Australia 1888

Orlando Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Blake 1889

Blake Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Blenheim 1890: Blake Class Protected Cruiser: Channel Squadron: Earliest Firts Class Cruiser without side armour. Bellona 1890: Orlando Class Protected Cruiser: Channel Squadron Melampus 1890: Apollo Class Protected Cruiser: Coastguard Ship at Kingstown Retribution 1891: Apollo Class Protected Cruiser: Flagship South East Coast of America Station

Blenheim 1890

Blake Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Bellona 1890

Third Class

six gun twin screw

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Melampus 1890

Apollo Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Retribution 1891

Apollo Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Royal Arthur 1891: Edgar Class Protected Cruiser St George 1892: Edgar Class Protected Cruiser Gibraltar 1892: Edgar Class Protected Cruiser Crescent 1892: Edgar Class Protected Cruiser: Flagship West Indies Station

Royal Arthur 1891

Edgar Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

St George 1892

Edgar Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Gibraltar 1892

Edgar Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Crescent 1892

Edgar Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Theseus 1892  Edgar class Cruiser: Special Flying Squadron Astraea 1893: Astraea Class Protected Cruiser Charybdis 1893: Astraea Class Protected Cruiser: Special Flying Squadron  

Theseus 1892

Edgar Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Astraea 1893

Astraea Class

Second Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Charybdis 1893

Astraea Class

Second Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

 
Hermione 1893: Astraea Class Protected Cruiser: Special Flying Squadron Warspite 1893: Astraea Class Protected Cruiser Venus 1895: Eclipse Class Protected Cruiser Talbot 1895: Eclipse Class Protected Cruiser

Hermione 1893

Astraea Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Warspite 1893

Astraea Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Venus 1895

Eclipse Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Talbot 1895

Eclipse Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Powerful 1895: Powerful Class Protected Cruiser; One of the two largest cruisers in the world in 1897 used as a British Commerce protector Furious 1896: Arrogant Class Second Class Protected Cruiser \dido 1896: Eclipse Class Second Class Protected Cruiser Andromeda 1897: Diadem class Cruiser

Powerful 1895

Powerful Class

First Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Furious 1896

Arrogant Class

Second Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Dido 1896

Eclipse Class

Second Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Andromeda 1897

Diadem Class

Protected Cruiser

wikipedia Wikipedia

Orlando 1886: Orlando Class Protected Cruiser: Flagship Australian Station      

King Alfred 1901
Drake Class
Protected Cruiser
wikipedia Wikipedia

     

 

 

Pre-Dreadnoughts 1882-1905

 

Pre-dreadnought was the general term applied to all battleships built prior to the Dreadnought Class of 1905.

They replaced the ironclads of the 1870-1880 period and were armed with main armament of heavy guns in turrets and secondary armament of lighter guns.

 

Edinburgh 1882: Colossus Class ironclad Battleship: Coastguard Ship at Queensferry Benbow 1885: Admiral Class Battleship Camperdown 1885: Battleship: Sister ship to HMS Anson: Flagship Mediterranean Fleet 1889 and Channel fleet 1890 Anson 1886: Admiral Class Battleship

Edinburgh 1882

Colossus Class

Ironclad Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Benbow 1885

Admiral Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Camperdown 1885

 

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Anson 1886

Admiral Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Trafalgar 1887: Trafalgar Class Battleship: Mediterranean Squadron Nile 1888: Trafalgar Class Battleship: Mediterranean Squadron Empress of India 1891: Royal Sovereign Class Battleship Royal Sovereign 1891; Royal Sovereign Class Battleship

Trafalgar 1887

Trafalgar Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Nile 1888

Trafalgar Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Empress of India 1891

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Royal Sovereign 1891

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Centurion 1892; Centurion Class Battleship Barfleur 1892: Centurion Class Battleship Ramillies 1892: Royal Sovereign Class Battleship: Flagship of the Mediterranean Squadron Resolution 1892: Royal Sovereign Class Battleship

Centurion 1892

Centurion Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Barfleur 1892

Centurion Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Ramillies 1892

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Resolution 1892

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

St. George 1892: Majestic Class Battleship: Flagship of the Cape of Good Hope Station Royal Oak 1892: Royal Sovereign Class Battleship Revenge 1892: Royal Sovereign Class Battleship: Flagship of the Special Flying Squadron  

Saint George 1892

Majestic Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Royal Oak 1892

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Revenge 1892

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 
Hood 1893; Royal Sovereign Class Battleship Majestic 1895: Majestic Class Battleship; Flagship of the Channel Squadron Prince George 1895; Majestic Class Battleship Renown 1895: Centurion Class Battleship

Hood 1893

Royal Sovereign Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Majestic 1895

Majestic class

Battleship

Sunk in 1915

wikipedia Wikipedia

Prince George 1895 Majestic Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Renown 1895

Centurion Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Jupiter 1895: Majestic Class Battleship Caesar 1896: Majestic Class Battleship Mars 1896; Majestic Class Battleship Ocean 1898: Canopus Class Battleship: Mined and sunk in the Dardanelles 1915.

Jupiter 1895

Majestic Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Caesar 1895

Majestic Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Mars 1896

Majestic Class

Battleship

wikipedia Wikipedia

Ocean 1898

Canopus class

Battleship

Sunk by a mine in 1915

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

 

Royal Yachts

 

Royal Yacht Royal George: The first of Quenn Victoria's Royal Yachts: Built for George IV Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert Royal Yacht Alberta 1863-1913: tender to Victoria and Albert II Royal Yacht Osborne 1870-1908: Tender to Victoria and Albert II

Royal Yacht

Royal George

1817-1842

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Royal Yacht

Victoria and Albert II

1855-1900

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Royal Yacht

Alberta

1863-1913

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Royal Yacht

Osborne

1870-1908

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

Royal Yacht Elfin 1848-1901: Here seen passing Hot Walls at Portsmouth      

Royal Yacht

Elfin

1848-1901

wikipedia Wikipedia

 

     

 

 

Sources

The photographs on this page have been extracted from PFS Archive copies of Navy and Army Illustrated.

My thanks to PFS member Alec Beanse for providing information, advice and support for this page.

 

 

Links

 

Wikipedia List of un-armoured ships 1847-1861

Royal Navy list of ironclads 1860-1882

Wikipedia List of Iron-clads 1860 to 1882

List of Cruisers

British Empire: Ironclads

Cruisers