Page 20 - Demo
P. 20


                                    Portsmouth
39
Sandown Barrack Battery
Commenced
Completed
Cost                  £
Map Reference
Position
Type
Ditch
Guns
Barrack Accom.
Present use
History
Disposal
Condition
Access
Sources
April 1861 
September 1863      
62,331  
SZ 594837  
Isle of Wight / South, Sandown
Bay      
Sea Battery     
Dry      
5 (later 4)
3 in guard room 
(nearby barracks for
men)
Public garden and teashop
Coast defence
to Local Authority
parts remain    
Public garden 
1891 Armament book: Material in PRO
WO33, 78, 192, 199, 396 CAB 3, 13 & 18
5 x 64pdr RML
1892 to 1901
  2 x10-inch RML 
& 2 x 64pdr RML
1901 to 1907
2 x 6-inch BL Mk VII
2 x 12pdr QF
1907 to 1910
2 x 6-inch BL Mk VII
1910 to 1916
2 x 6-inch BL Mk VII M.I.R.
1916
 
Gun barrels removed
1926 
Mountings and shields removed
Caponiers
Counterscarp
galleries
Haxo casemates
Moncrieff Pits
2
None
None
None
Sandown Barrack Battery was constructed as part of the Royal Commission defences of the Isle of Wight. It stands on the
edge of a cliff, 140 feet above the sea and about 1,500 yards to the west of Sandown Fort. It was first armed with 5 x
7-inch R.B.L. guns on a parapet close to the cliff and it was considered that the sea washing at the base of the cliff would
soon cause the parapet to be endangered. These were replaced by five 64pr RMLs by 1880.
In 1891 the main armament of the fort was 2 x 10-inch R.M.L. guns on long range mountings, fitted to barbette
emplacements retired from the cliff edge, with 2 x 64pr. R.M.L.s as support.   The ditch of the fort extends around it on
the landward side, with a Carnot wall and caponiers defending the two flanks, the seaward face being protected by the
high cliff on which the battery stands. The landward face has a gateway with drawbridge in its centre, on the left of which
was the guardroom, whilst on the right was the artillery general store. Shell stores were situated in right flank where it
joins the gorge with a cartridge store underneath and halfway between the two 10-inch emplacements. Two DRF pedestals
were situated within the fort with a Position Finding Cell outside and to the left of the fort.
Between 1891 and 1892 the battery was partially reconstructed to take two 10-inch RML guns from Sandown Fort. These
replaced three of the 64pdrs. Further work took place between 1901 and 1902 when the battery was completely
remodelled to take two 12pdr QF and two 6-inch BL Mk VII guns. The 12pdrs were reduced to practice status after 1907
and the 6-inch classed as in  reserve three years later. In September 1916 the barrels of all four guns were removed and the
mountings and shields in 1926. By the end of the decade the battery had been handed over to local authority as surplus to
requirements.
The fort is now a flower garden.  It is rumoured that the two 10-inch guns are still buried close by.
Armament
History and Description
www.victorianforts.co.uk
Victorian Forts

                                
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