Page 16 - Demo
P. 16


                                    Plymouth
7
Raleigh Battery
Commenced
Completed
Cost                  £
Map Reference
Position
Type
Ditch
Guns
Barrack Accom.
Present use
History
Disposal
Condition
Access
Sources
28.03.1890
30.08.1894
4,963
SX 441513
East of Maker Heights
Coast Defence barbette battery
None
2
None
derelict (bee hives inside)
Coast Defence until 1910
1946
Overgrown and derelict
Open
1868 report : Precis of Correspondence relating to
the Defences of Plymouth 1893. Historic Defences of
Plymouth by A. Pye and F. Woodward
1891
2 x 10inch B.L.
1895-1910
1 x 10-inch B.L. gun 
on Elswick Ordnance Company barbette mounting.
1 x 10-inch B.L. gun 
on Royal Carriage Department barbette mounting.
Caponiers
Counterscarp
galleries
Haxo casemates
Moncrieff Pits
None
None
None
None
Originally proposed as a battery for one 17-inch B.L. gun in 1885, Raleigh Battery was constructed, between 1890 and 1894, to the
south and east of Hawkins Battery and Maker Farm on sloping land facing the sea. Its primary purpose was as a counter-bombardment
role,  to prevent ships from lying at anchor in the sea off Cawsand Bay and to assist Fort Picklecombe in commanding the approaches
to the Sound. 
The battery consists of two barbette emplacements, side by side, but separated by the underground magazine stores. The emplacements
face almost due south. A tunnel from the left emplacement slopes down through the magazine main passage, underneath a central earth
traverse, to the right emplacement. At each end of this passage is a recess with brackets for the storage of side arms. To the south of this
magazine passage are the two cartridge stores which are accessed via a shifting lobby. This also served as the lighting passage, with two
lamp recesses serving each store. Each cartridge store has a serving hatch onto the magazine passage.  Two more lamp recesses were
built into the wall of the magazine passage, those at the ends needing a grating set into the floor to allow the lamps to be inserted
because of the slope of the passage upwards at each end towards the gun emplacements. To the north of the magazine passage is the
shell store with a central doorway. This has a single lamp recess either side of the door. A lamp room was built into the seaward side of
the concrete apron of the right access tunnel. An oil and paint store  is situated to the rear of the right emplacement. Each gun
emplacement is provided with an R.A. store, a cartridge recess, a shell recess and a shelter for the crew built into the concrete apron of
the emplacement. Behind each emplacement is a Depression Range Finding pillar.
To the rear of the left gun emplacement, a water catchment area provided fresh water held in storage tanks. The whole of the battery
was surrounded by a Morton's steel palisade fence, 9ft. 3ins high. In four places this was formed into bastion shaped projections,
possibly for flank defence from within (nothing of this now survives, apart from portions of post). This fence was surrounded by a wall
with a hedge outside. To the rear of the right gun emplacement is a caretaker's cottage consisting of two bedrooms, a living room and
scullery with a coal yard and verandah. The battery had no barrack accommodation and was to be manned in time of need only. The
two emplacements are for totally different mountings, one being the Royal Carriage Department mounting, the other for the Elswick
Ordnance Company mounting. These appear to be the two test mountings for the 10-inch B.L. first fired at South Hook Fort but not
adopted into the service and as such Raleigh battery is unique. The guns remained in place until 1908 when they were placed in reserve.
They were dismounted by 1910 and the MOD abandoned the battery in 1946. The site is now derelict and overgrown but intact.
Armament
History and Description
www.victorianforts.co.uk
Victorian Forts

                                
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