Tour of a Palmerston Fort (Fort Nelson)



More pictures

in the Fort Nelson Picture Gallery 


Fort nelson  Panoramas

Panoramic views of Fort Nelson


The Tour



Mortar Battery

Haxo Casemates

North Caponier

West Caponier

Firing Steps



Barrack Block


Main Magazine

Expense Magazine

Shifting Lobby

Guthrie Bridge



Plan of Fort

Middle Plan

Under Plan

Main magazine



The building of the Portsdown Hill Forts pdf

Fort Nelson OS Grid reference SU 606702
Cost £78,649
Contractor William Tredwell, Parliament Street, Westminster London.
Commenced March 1861
Completed c1870
Intended Armament 26 guns
Complement 1 Field Officer, 7 Junior Officers, 172 other ranks, 16 Hospital patients and 2 horses.
Present Use Preserved and a museum by Hampshire County Council in conjunction with The Royal Armouries as a Museum of Artillery.

This fort is situated 250 feet above sea level and is 2,000 yards east of Fort Wallington (centre to centre). The trace is six sided, with deep ditches protected by two storey demi-caponiers on the east and west angles, with a two storey double caponier at the north salient. Above each of the caponiers is a mortar battery for three guns in each. The counterscarp walls remain as originally planned without revetment. The original upper west entrance was approached over a cast iron bridge with a lifting section at the fort end. This entrance gave access to the fort at parade level. The lower west entrance was also defended by a Guthrie lifting bridge and gave access to the fort at barrack block level.

At the rear, or gorge, of the fort is a barrack block for quartering the garrison with a V shaped redan providing officer accommodation and gun positions for flanking fire across the rear of the fort.


Fort Nelson, Portsdown Hill, Portsmouth, Hampshire


Wordle Nelson
Fort Nelson: The west entrance with bridge.
Fort Nelson: The west gorge ditch with bridge.
Fort Nelson: The west gorge ditch, bridge and redan.
Fort Nelson: Aerial view from the West